University of Tampere
Institute for Advanced Social Research (IASR) in cooperation with the New Social Research Programme (NSR)
Speakers Series 2017-2018, Spring
An Open Lecture by Dr Marianna Muravyeva (IASR)
Do Women Need More Human Rights?: Anti-Gender Movement, Austerity and Conservative Jurisprudence in Russia
Russia has been experiencing the results of an acute economic crisis since 2012. However, the government has not been explicit in its declarations regarding austerity policies. On the contrary, it tends to represent its measures as ‘normal’ and generally normalises public cuts and reduced spending as part of a new understanding of the welfare state and socio-economic relations. However, there is a clear connection between the crisis and the introduction of conservative discourses and the ‘traditional values’ concept that aims at gender equality both in public and private domains. The Russian case study is exemplary and didactic. As Russia is new to market economics and has never developed a consistent neoliberal agenda, the shift to conservative ideologies came unexpectedly easily.
Gender has become a battleground for the government to deal with social problems and austerity measures. Unlike the EU countries, the Russian government does not hesitate in challenging human rights and gender equality, easily shifting the blame onto leftist ideologies – primarily feminism – that are held responsible for family instability and poor demography and health. Using the concept of ‘traditional values’ as a cover for increasing austerity measures, the government relies on short-term strategies. However, this shift to conservative public discourse has not been readily accepted by the Russian population, least of all by women. There is clear resistance from various social groups, including women. This resistance is not just taking the familiar form of public protests (although they have been taking place as well), but rather in the form of withdrawal from public space to minimise dealings with the state, a strategy familiar from the Soviet experience of resistance.
Therefore, on the surface, Russian public discourse seems to be dominated by officially promoted ideologies, but this does not mean that society just accepts or even implements those ideologies eagerly. At the same time, there is a clear tendency to follow supranational austerity measures by cutting public spending, amending social security policies, privatising care, and forcing women to return to the double-burden situation of the Soviet type of social contract by openly attacking feminist ideologies, gender equality, and human rights. In this situation, Russian NGOs, especially those with a human rights and gender-sensitive agenda, need more subtle strategies to deal with public policies, starting at the local governmental level.
What is the Speakers Series of the University of Tampere?
- The Speakers Series is a series of Studia Generalia Lectures in the Study of Society organized weekly by the University of Tampere Institute for Advanced Social Research (IASR) in cooperation with the New Social Research Programme (NSR). The lectures are given by the Research Fellows as well as the distinguished guests of the IASR and the NSR. For the programme, please check the IASR website www.uta.fi/iasr/lectures/.
Research Secretary Marjukka Virkajärvi, tel. +358 50 318 6697, Marjukka.Virkajarvi@uta.fi